Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/fapetipb/cover_iptp.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan (Journal of Animal Production &amp; Processing Technology)<br><br>ISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2303-2227</a></p> <p>eISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2615-594X</a>&nbsp;<br><br>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is published three times a year in January, June, and October by Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University in associated with <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1bhEFBz8AGbtAQLiAsFH_Lyx_QN0L7LBm/view?usp=sharing">Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)</a>. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan as the open access journal has been indexed by <strong>Garuda, PKP Index, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),</strong>&nbsp;<strong>EuroPub,</strong> <strong>Science and Technology Index (SINTA),&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<strong>Google Scholar</strong>.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is currently an accredited journal under <strong>SINTA 3</strong> category by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) under Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia as stipulated in the Decree No. 30.EKPT/2019.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan&nbsp;receives manuscripts encompass a broad range of research topics :&nbsp;livestock production, management and environment, breeding and genetics, livestock yield technology, and socio-economic livestock.</p> en-US agunawan.jipthp@gmail.com (Prof. Dr. agr. Asep Gunawan, S.Pt M.Sc) astariapriantini@gmail.com (Dr. Astari Apriantini S.Gz, M.Sc) Tue, 03 Nov 2020 17:24:04 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Karakteristik dan Pemenuhan CPPOB Pelaku UMKM Online Produk Olahan Beku Daging Sapi dan Ayam di DKI Jakarta http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33153 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Online trading system impacts small and medium entreprsises (SMEs) to easily sell food products and<br>make the sales of processed food and beverage product in Indonesia continues to grow, however their<br>awareness to implement food safety standards is still considered as low. This research was aimed to<br>determine the characteristic and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) fulfillment of online SMEs<br>with frozen processed beef and chicken products that is included in medium risk registration categories<br>with BPOM MD authorization. Research methods include sample selection of 24 SMEs respondents<br>in DKI Jakarta with snowball sampling method, questionnaire distribution, field observations and<br>data processing using descriptive analysis. Analysis of GMP fulfillment by MSMEs is based on eight<br>requirements refer to Ministry of Industry Regulation Number 75/M-IND/PER/7/2010 concerning GMP<br>guidelines. Results showed that 41.7% the leader had bachelor degree and 54.2% total assets under<br>5 million rupiah with annual turnover under 50 million rupiah. Most of them had IUMK (62.5%),<br>production room located in household kitchen (54.2%) and selling online through social media (95.8%).<br>79.2% of respondents slightly understand about GMP and food safety concept. The most uncomplied<br>from eight requirements of GMP was application of lamp protectors in the production room (91.7%).</span> </p> R. Pritanova P, T. Muhandri, S. Nurjanah Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33153 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Respon Fisiologis dan Metabolit Darah Kambing dan Domba yang Ditransportasi dengan Pick-Up Triple-Deck http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33154 <p><span class="fontstyle0">The overall transportation process is a gripping activity for goats and sheep. Goats and sheep can<br>experience stress as reflected by indicators of weight loss, physiological responses and blood metabolites.<br>The use of sheep goat and sheep conveyance according to the Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture<br>of the Republic of Indonesia number 114/Permentan/PD.410/9/2014concerning the transportation of<br>sacrificial animals, vehicles can be designed for a maximum of two decks. Farmers use pick-up vehicles<br>arranged in three levels to reduce transportation costs. This study uses two triple-deck pick-up vehicles<br>for 60 goats and 60 sheep. Each deck is filled with 20 animals and five animals are taken as samples.<br>The design used by using a randomized block design (RBD), the position of the deck (deck 1, deck 2,<br>deck 3) as a factor, and body weight as groups. The evaluation results of goat and sheep transportation<br>with a distance of ± 674 km (± 16 hours of travel) shows that deck has no significant effect (P&gt;0.05) on<br>the weight loss of goat and sheep also did not affect (P&gt;0.05) on the physiological response and blood<br>metabolites. The stress level of goats and sheep transported is not affected by deck position.</span> </p> R. A. Gopar, R. Afnan, S. Rahayu, D. A. Astuti Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33154 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Komposisi Asam Lemak dan Kadar Malondialdehida Daging Itik Lokal yang diberi Antioksidan Alami http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33155 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Cihateup duck is one of the local Indonesian poultry from West Java. These ducks are raised in<br>Tasikmalaya and Garut. Cihateup duck has the potential to produce meat, but duck meat has been<br>considered to have off-odor. components off-odor formed when the fatty acids are oxidized. A study<br>with the aim to protect unsaturated fatty acids in local duck meat from oxidation using </span><span class="fontstyle2">Pluchea indica<br>Less </span><span class="fontstyle0">(beluntas) and </span><span class="fontstyle2">Cosmos caudatus </span><span class="fontstyle0">(kenikir) in feed as the source of natural antioxidants. The study<br>used was complete randomized design (RAL) with 7 treatments and 5 replications. The treatment was<br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Pluchea indica Less </span><span class="fontstyle0">or </span><span class="fontstyle2">Cosmos caudatus </span><span class="fontstyle0">powder with the duration of administration 1, 2 or 3 weeks<br>before the age of harvest (10 weeks). Ducks used were 35 heads of Cihateup duck. Variables observed<br>were moisture content, fat content, Malondialdehyde (MDA), composition of fatty acid, and sensory<br>characteristic of duck meat. The results showed that the effect of </span><span class="fontstyle2">Pluchea indica Less </span><span class="fontstyle0">or </span><span class="fontstyle2">Cosmos caudatus<br></span><span class="fontstyle0">were not significant on moisture content and fat content. The effect of </span><span class="fontstyle2">Pluchea indica Less </span><span class="fontstyle0">or </span><span class="fontstyle2">Cosmos<br>caudatus </span><span class="fontstyle0">on MDA, composition of fatty acid, and and off-odor intensities of duck meat during cooking<br>was significantly different (P&lt;0.05). It was concluded that this addition of </span><span class="fontstyle2">Pluchea indica Less </span><span class="fontstyle0">for 3 weeks<br>or </span><span class="fontstyle2">Cosmos caudatus </span><span class="fontstyle0">for 2 weeks could lower off-odor on local duck meat.</span></p> D. Lestari, Rukmiasih, T. Suryati, P. S. Hardjosworo, J. A. Lase Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33155 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Investigasi Hubungan Keragaman Gen Leptin Receptor (LEPR) dengan Karakteristik Karkas dan Kualitas Daging Domba http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33156 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Improvement of meat quality plays important role for sheep meat producer and costumer market.<br></span><span class="fontstyle2">Leptin Receptor </span><span class="fontstyle0">(LEPR) gene is speculated has important role in carcass and meat quality. This study<br>aims to investigate the relationship between the LEPR gene variation with characteristics of carcass<br>and meat quality in sheep. A total 50 rams consisted 20 of Javanese fat tailed (JFT), 10 of garut<br>composite (GCS), 10 of compass agrinak (CAS), and 10 of barbados cross (BCS) were used in this study.<br>Polymorphism of LEPR gene were performed by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment<br>Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) with </span><span class="fontstyle2">Acil </span><span class="fontstyle0">as restriction enzyme. The results showed that of the<br>amplification product was 432 bp. The result of polymorphism of LEPR gene were polymorphic with<br>third genotype including AA, AC, dan CC. The SNP of LEPR gene with genotype AA was associated<br>(P&lt;0.05) with carcass characteristics including empty body weight, cold carcass and with genotype AC<br>on meat quality including tenderness. It could be concluded that the SNP g.40854778 A&gt;C of LEPR gene<br>may contribute to the characterictic carcass and meat quality in sheep</span> </p> D. Azizah, R. R. Noor, A. Gunawan Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33156 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Strategy for Kleder Competency Improvement in The Camara Nusantara Cattle Ship http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33157 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Camara Nusantara ship was provided for livestock transportation especially cattle, to help increasing<br>efficiency and decrease weight losses in the supply chain process. There were, however, such poor cattle<br>performance was still found on the arrival port, which was claimed as related to the poor management<br>and less competence of working personnel on board, one of those was </span><span class="fontstyle2">kleder</span><span class="fontstyle0">. This study was aimed at<br>analyzing the strategy for increasing Human Resource competency in the Camara Nusantara Livestock<br>Ship. Method used in this study was observations on target location, documentation, literature review,<br>and depth interviews with target respondents in the respective locations, qualitative analysis approach<br>was applied for data analysis. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) with five levels were used to analyze<br>data obtained from the study. The results indicate that the main strategies for increasing the competency<br>of human resource in the Camara Nusantara Livestock Ship was started with development of competency<br>standardization with a weight of 0.361. Development of competency standards for </span><span class="fontstyle2">kleder </span><span class="fontstyle0">is required to<br>provide a guidelines for improving </span><span class="fontstyle2">kleder’s </span><span class="fontstyle0">skills and knowledge in managing and handling livestock<br>at Camara Nusantara Livestock Ship. It can be concluded that to optimize </span><span class="fontstyle2">kleder </span><span class="fontstyle0">competency who are<br>working at Camara Nusantara Cattle Ship may help to maintain cattle performance during the sea toll<br>transportation. Therefore, developing a national job competency standard, so called SKKNI (Standar<br>Kompetensi Kerja Nasional Indonesia) is needed as guidance to formulate relevant training programs<br>for human resource development.</span> </p> A. M. Fuah, Zulhijariyanto, L. Cyrilla, Y. Triyonggo, Z. Assegaf Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33157 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Oxidative Stress, Physiological Responses and Performance of Broilers Transported with Different Transportation Duration http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33158 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Transportation plays important factor in broiler industry. Whole transportation process from loading to<br>unloading can cause stress to broilers. The duration of the trip can affect oxidative stress, physiological<br>and performance of broiler. This study aim to evaluate the effects of different transportation durations<br>on oxidative stress, physiological responses and performance of broilers. Transportation from farm to<br>slaughterhouse using a truck with a capacity of 144 crates. There were two durations treatment in this study,<br>180 and 240 mins. Variables measured in this study were oxidative stress indicators (malondialdehyde/<br>MDA content and catalase enzyme activity), physiological responses (rectal temperature and heterophile<br>lymphocytes (HL) ratio), and performance represented by weight loss percentage. Normality test was<br>done before T Test. Data analyzed using T Test independent which compared data between before and<br>after transportation. T Test dependent which compared data between short and long duration. The result<br>showed that duration of transportation significantly affects on decrease liver and thigh catalase enzyme<br>activity, decrease malondialdehyde value on liver, decrease HL ratio after transportation, differences<br>on rectal temperature and weightloss. Long transportation duration resulted the lowest liver and thigh<br>catalase enzymes activity (0.097±0.023 and 0.088±0.014 U/mL). It can be concluded that the long duration<br>transportation catalase enzyme activity reduce MDA value and affected performance indicator</span></p> M. A. Wicaksono, R. Afnan, T. Suryati Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33158 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Impact of Conventional Cattle Farming Systems on Farmer Awareness, Livestock Output and Household Income http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33160 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Cattle was introduced in Papua a long time ago. However, it was unpredictable to adapt to raise cattle.<br>An explorative field study was performed in fifteen villages using participatory research to better<br>understand the dynamics of cattle performances. Cattle farming system has been categorized in three<br>types, i.e. small- and medium-sized systems. They used ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis to analyze data. The<br>finding of this research was that the three sizes of cattle farming in many components of good farming<br>practices were similar (p&gt;0.05). No large gap was found along the lines of farmers, cattle, and economic<br>performance. West New Guinea’s Tropical Livestock Unit was low and has the potential to increase due<br>to agribusiness potential. Better government services and other related stakeholders should narrow the<br>lack of good agricultural practices.</span> </p> D. A. Iyai, D. Nurhayati, S. Pakage, I. Widayati Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33160 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Studi Residu Antibiotika dan Kualitas Mikrobiologi Telur Ayam Konsumsi yang Beredar di Kota Administrasi Jakarta Timur http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33161 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Chicken eggs are fairly high in nutritional content, especially in proteins. Usually, antibiotics are used in<br>disease prevention and treatment program at the layer chicken farms. The use of antibiotics are still not<br>according to the direction of use. Egg production is also susceptible to bacterial contamination. Therefore,<br>the objective of this study was to analyze the presence of kanamycin residue, the microbiological quality,<br>and to evaluate potential risk factors associated with the microbiological quality of chicken eggs in the<br>administration city of East Jakarta. The samples were 100 eggs taken from 21 traditional markets and<br>4 supermarkets in the administration city of East Jakarta. Kanamycin residue tested using bioassay<br>method based on SNI 7424: 2008 and the microbiological quality method used based on SNI 3926: 2008.<br>Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis univariate Chi-Square test to determine the effect of<br>potential risk factors on the quality of microbiological quality and logistic regression models to analyze<br>the effect of potential risk factors without looking at the interaction of other factors. The results showed<br>that kanamycin residues were detected in 26.19% of eggs from traditional markets and 31.25% eggs<br>from supermarkets in the administration city of East Jakarta. The median value of TPC, </span><span class="fontstyle2">coliform </span><span class="fontstyle0">and<br></span><span class="fontstyle2">E.coli </span><span class="fontstyle0">were 0.7 log cfu/g, 1.5 MPN/g, and 1.5 MPN/g, respectively, whilst </span><span class="fontstyle2">Salmonella sp </span><span class="fontstyle0">test was negative.<br>It can be concluded that kanamycin residues still found in the markets and the microbiological quality<br>were below the maximum contamination limit based on SNI 3926:2008 and egg cleanness was a risk<br>factor for </span><span class="fontstyle2">coliform </span><span class="fontstyle0">contamination.</span> </p> Anton, E. Taufik, Z. Wulandari Copyright (c) http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/33161 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0700