TESTING ON PECKING ORDER THEORY AND ANALYSIS OF COMPANY’S CHARACTERISTIC EFFECTS ON EMITTEN’S CAPITAL STRUCTURE

  • Tajudin Noor PT Pertamina (Persero) Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur 1A, Jakarta 10110
  • Bonar Sinaga Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University Jl. Kamper, Wing 4 Level 5 Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • TB Nur Ahmad Maulana Graduate Program of Management and Business, Bogor Agricultural University Jl. Raya Pajajaran, Bogor 16151
Keywords: Pecking Order Theory, capital structure, company’s characteristics, PLS, FEM

Abstract

Pecking Order Theory (POT) states that hierarchy fundings based on the cheapest cost coming from internal fund, followed by external fund are needed to determine the capital structure. The research objectives were to examine the concept of POT in agriculture companies listed on Indonesia Stock Exchange in order to decide the capital structure policies as well as to analyse the effects of company’s characteristics to the emitten capital structure. The research used regression analysis with pooled least square (PLS) method in order to test POT, while the fixed effect model (FEM) was applied to analyze the effect of company’s characteristics on capital structure. Regression analysis in evaluating pecking order theory’s concept shows that internal funding deficit significantly gives positive influence to the change of long term debts. Regression analysis resulted from company’s characteristics (profitability, size, growth, tangibility and liquidity) shows that the company’s size and growth have significant positive effects on capital structure (leverage), whereas company’s profitability and liquidity have significant negative effects on capital structure (leverage). By contrast, company’s assets structure (tangibility) do not give significantly influence on capital structure (leverage) in 10% level of significance. The research shows that issuers in agricultural sector have implemented the concept of POT through the hierarchy usage of the cheapest financing from the internal as a priority followed by the external financing (debt).

Keywords: Pecking Order Theory, capital structure, company’s characteristics, PLS, FEM


ABSTRAK

Pecking Order Theory menyatakan bahwa penentuan struktur modal yang optimal didasarkan pada keputusan pendanaan secara hirarki berdasarkan biaya modal yang paling murah yang bersumber pada dana internal, baru kemudian menggunakan sumber dana eksternal. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji penggunaan konsep Pecking Order Theory pada emiten di sektor pertanian yang terdaftar di BEI dalam menentukan kebijakan struktur modal serta menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik emiten di sektor pertanian terhadap struktur modal. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis regresi dengan  metode pooled least square (PLS) untuk pengujian konsep Pecking Order Theory, sedangkan dalam menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik emiten di sektor pertanian terhadap struktur modal digunakan metode fixed effect model (FEM).  Hasil pembuktian konsep pecking order theory menunjukkan bahwa defisit pendanaan internal berpengaruh positif secara signifikan terhadap perubahan utang jangka panjang. Sedangkan hasil analisis regresi antara karakteristik perusahaan (profitability, size, growth, tangibility dan liquidity) menunjukkan bahwa size dan growth memiliki pengaruh positif signifikan terhadap struktur modal, profitability dan liquidity memiliki pengaruh negatif signifikan terhadap struktur modal, dan tangibility tidak memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap leverage pada tingkat signifikansi 10%.Hasil analisis menunjukkan emiten di sektor pertanian telah mengikuti kaidah pecking order theory melalui jenjang pemanfaatan sumber pembiayaan dari urutan termurah yaitu pendanaan internal dan kemudian pembiayaan eksternal yang paling murah (utang).

Kata kunci: Pecking Order Theory, struktur modal, karakteristik perusahaan, PLS, FEM

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Published
2015-05-25
How to Cite
Noor, T., Sinaga, B., & Maulana, T. N. A. (2015). TESTING ON PECKING ORDER THEORY AND ANALYSIS OF COMPANY’S CHARACTERISTIC EFFECTS ON EMITTEN’S CAPITAL STRUCTURE. Indonesian Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship (IJBE), 1(2), 81. https://doi.org/10.17358/ijbe.1.2.81