Hubungan Iklim, Kepadatan Nyamuk Anopheles dan Kejadian Penyakit Malaria

  • SUWITO . Sekolah Tinggi Kesehatan Abdi Nusa Pangkalpinang, Subdit Pengendalian Vektor Depkes RI
  • UPIK KESUMAWATI HADI Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • SINGGIH H SIGIT Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • SUPRATMAN SUKOWATI Puslitbang Ekologi dan Status Kesehatan Depkes RI.

Abstract

Districts of South Lampung and Pesawaran are malaria endemic areas. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between climate, Anopheles density and malaria incidence. Mosquito collections were caught by human landing collection all night 06:00 PM-06:00 AM. The relation of climate with Anopheles density and Anopheles density with malaria incidence were analysed by Pearson Product Moment test. The Anopheles bite all night, peaks with 02:00-04:00 AM, outdoor bitings were more frequent than indoor biting. There were relationships between relative humidity and rain fall with Anopheles density, and Anopheles density with malaria incidence one month later.

KEY WORD: Climate, Anopheles density, malaria insidence

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