Cytotoxic Activity of Citral from <i>Cymbopogon nardus</i> as Anticancer of MCM-B2 Cell

  • Hasim Hasim Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University
  • Surya Pangidoan Nasution Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University
  • Silvi Octavia Kurniawati Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University
  • Indah Rachmawati Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University
Keywords: antiproliferation, breast cancer, MCM-B2, essential oils, lemongrass

Abstract

Cancer is a deadly disease caused by cell abnormalities characterized by uncontrolled cell growth. One type of cancer that is the second leading cause of death is breast cancer. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus) is a plant containing citral and geraniol which has the potential as an anticancer. This research was aimed  to analyze the potential of essential oils from citronella as antiproliferation of MCM-B2 breast cancer cells. The results of this research showed that lemongrass essential oil was able to significantly reduce the growth of MCM-B2 cancer cells (p<0.05). The concentration of 3 ppm showed on significant difference in doxorubicin, and the concentration of 24 ppm had the highest inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 5.38 ppm.

Published
2019-08-08
Section
Articles