Vol 6, No 3 (2006)

Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

Table of Contents


Anna Fatchiya, Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati
Fish fillet is a superior commodity for the company of PT Dharma Samudra Fishing Industry (DSFI), and having the highest production and demand. The product of fish fillet giving a big opportunity for defect level of fish fillet and it's caused from some mistakes that happen in process production. Hence, the optimalization of input process of fish fillet production is related with six sigma methods application which try to eliminate or minimize mistakes and wastes of time and money. It is hoped the result of the project will increase in profit of the company and work productivity. This research purposes to use six sigma project that able to apply for production division of fish fillet in PT SF!. It can be happened with measuring the effectiveness of production and identifying the good way of work in production that has done with six sigma perspective. The management of work procedure of PT DSFI with fish fillet commodity based on six sigma perspective is in 4,53 sigma .level for January 2005 until Juny 2006. It means that the work procedure in fish fillet production is in a hig" category or very good. The data prove this condition by low value achievement of DPMO, that is 1.227,60 DPMO. There are seventeen Critical To Quality that is achieved by DMAIC methods in fish fillet processing that influence the quality and quantity of fish fillet. Improvement is done for seventeen Critical To Quality. The improvement target is the management of work procedure of input process .production. The important consideration is that anything can exactly connect to the targets. Those target is improvement effort carried out by production division, because the mistakes generally happened with characteristic of technical and human factor in this division. Improvement process is doing continuously so that every deficiency can be identified and examined for improvement in the future .  
I I Fithri Yunindari S, Dinarwan ., Narni Farmayanti
Iis Diatin, Narni Farmayanti, Selly Sefrina

Fisheries development aim to increase earnings and prosperity socialize fishermen with remain to take care of sustainable of fish resources. One of pre-eminent commodity in territorial water of Pamekasan is anchovy. Anchovy catching in this region is done to use payang. Information about certainty of expense of investment and sum up advantage obtained in exploiting of anchovy resources with do not disregard its sustainability not yet been made available, so that needed by study of bio-technique and financial.

Actual effort and catch in 2004 each equal to 199,410 trips and 3,603,000 kilograms. Effort and catch at MSY condition each equal to 239.003 trips per year and 3,787,384.94 kilograms per year. Exploiting level in 2004 pursuant to MSY condition has reached number 95.13%.

Mean investment of payang fishing unit equal to Rp30,570,000.00. Mean total cost released by Rp43,700,691.67, mean total revenue equal to Rp65,120,000.00, so that the fisherman mean profit equal to Rp21 ,419,308.33. RIC value is 1.49, payback period 1.43 year. NPV of during age of business activity of equal to Rp83,281 ,066.94, net B/C is 3.72, and IRR is 81.75%. With increase of price of solar diesel fuel, hence result of analysis sensitivity obtained by NPV of equal to Rp60,584,350.07, B/C of equal to 2.48 and IRR of equal to 65.29%. Pursuant to conducted analysis, hence the effort of fishing unit payang can be continued, but need of existence control from Department of Fishery and Marine Affair in clear licensing and arrangement hit effort conducted by fishery perpetrator (fishermen).

Moch Prihatna Sobari, Karyadi ., Diniah .
Indonesia is a tropical country that has high variety of mangrove. Of 15.9 thousand ha world mangrove forest total area, the 3.7 thousand ha, or 24% of it is located in Indonesia. The aims of the research are: 1) to identify both the potential and the types of utilization of mangrove ecosystem carried out by the local society; 2) to analyze the economic value of the mangrove ecosystem; and (3) to analyze the alternatives of strategic utilization for mangrove ecosystem .. The number of respondents is 138 deriving from Fishery Household (RTP) and non-RTP. The data were then analyzed by using consumer surplus, household model, Total Economic Value (TEV), and Multi Criteria AnalysiS (MCA). The results show that the biggest utility is the one of crabs that reaches Rp19, 770,799.11, with the surplus consumer of Rp17,664,744,08. The highest optimum profit from the crab utilization amountsto Rp12,883,900.00 for 11 (eleven) fishery households; while the lowest profit is obtained from the utilization of prawn pond with Rp3,165,590.70. The biggest proportion is from the indirect utilization' with a percentage of 83.71% with a value of Rp1,039,474,428.00 per year. Furthermore, the Total Economic Value of the mangrove forest ecosystem in 8arru District covering 6.23 ha of mangrove forest and 127.60 ha for ponds amounts to Rp1,241 ,763,891.75. The utilization altematives put as priorities, based on the balance between indicators for both efficiency criteria and ecology criteria, between the efficiency and equity criteria, not only in the level of real interest rate of 4.·12% but also at the real interest rate of 3.55% are as follows: firstly, utilization alternative V (100% mangrove forest and 0% ponds); secondly, utilization altemative IV (8.73 ha mangrove forest and 0 ha shrimp monoculture pond, 104.05 ha mallet monoculture pond, and 21.00 ha poly-culture). Nevertheless, the utilization alternative III, II, and I cannot be given as choices in this management since their analysis values show that they are not efficient.
Moch Prihatna Sobari, Luky Adrianto, Nurdiana Azis
Tourism of such maritime in the form of activity addressed to wide society exploitedly is environmental service of coastal area and go out to sea. Development of coastal area for recreation these days tend to increase, others the tourism also to support local economics .. Kalianda Resort own some facility which complete enough as a(n) area tourism therefore draw to conduct research hit model of request recreation of maritime tourism in Kalianda Resort with model of travel cost. Traveling expense of mean reckoned from a transportation; released by each; every visitor from same zona. Visitor coming from outside Provinsi Lampung more opting generally to stay with consanquinity, friend, or the cheaper lodging in Bandar Lampung, so that some visitor coming from outside Provinsi Lampung to conduct dot of departure from 'Bandar Lampung. Traveling expense of mean which its amount at least that is from zona of Metro and traveling expense of biggest mean is from zona Serang. Demand curve depicted to follow constant elasticity model with price elasticity value equal to 2,4759, meaning all changes in traveling expense equal to 1%, hence mount tourist visit will change equal to 2,4759%. Relation of between traveling expense mean ( P) with visit storey (0) from its correlation coefficient that is 0,79. The correlation coefficient value express that relation! Which enough sliver between P by 0, negative value from correlation coefficient show adversative direction meaning if traveling expense ( P) mount hence mount visit ( 0) will be downhill, conversely. Result from analysiS SWOT can be depicted in diagram analysis SWOT. From calculation result got the ordinate and abscissa dot (0,152;0,259) which lay in kuadran 1. position kuadran 1 representing situation that very beneficial, where organizer Kalianda Resort own strength and opportunity which can be exploited better. Correct strategy for this condition is support aggresive development policy.
Moch Prihatna Sobari, Gatot Yulianto, Desi Nurita
In recent years, export of ornamental fish from Indonesia increased for every year in quantity and value. There are thirty eight companies with the ornamental fish export business. In this global competition era, the product quality stimulates company's competitiveness. This research has aim to see how far the TOM concept has been applied to improve the business performance of CV Banyu Biru. CV Banyu Biru hold a customer's satisfaction strategy for competing with competitors. The strategy is to fill up the customer's demand and satisfaction by serving and keeping product quality. We can see the problems of TOM and how far the TOM have been applied in this company by observing the company's quality management in relation with the indicators, principles, and the basic elements of TOM. In identifying the existing problem, the research use the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method by making hierarchy. The results of this research shows that there are five main problems. That the company always put in priority. These problems are product quality, product delivery timing, production continuity, product amount and production costs. The alternative for improvement are teamwork, training, benchmarking, information system, technology, product variation, and also the improvement in management info administration system. The priority of joined management perception to elements of TOM are company vision and mission, standardization, internal auditing, organization, facilities, human resources and training.  
Iis Diatin, Narni Farmayanti, Syanni Dian Nita
Ninik Sriyanti, Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati, Anna Fatchiya