Agromet <p>Agromet publishes original research articles or reviews that have not been published elsewhere. The scope of publication includes agricultural meteorology/climatology (the relationships between a wide range of agriculture and meteorology/climatology aspects). Articles related to meteorology/climatology and environment (pollution and atmospheric conditions) may be selectively accepted for publication. This journal is published twice a year by Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology (PERHIMPI) in collaboration with Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University.<br><br><br>Agromet&nbsp; berisi naskah asli hasil penelitian atau&nbsp; telaahan (review) yang belum pernah dipublikasikan.&nbsp; Lingkup isi tulisan meliputi bidang meteorologi/klimatologi pertanian (kaitan antara pertanian dalam arti luas dengan aspek meteorologi atau klimatologi).&nbsp; Artikel yang berkaitan dengan meteorologi/klimatologi dan lingkungan (polusi dan kondisi atmosfer) dapat diterima secara selektif. Jurnal ini diterbitkan 2 (dua) kali dalam setahun oleh Perhimpunan Meteorologi Pertanian Indonesia (PERHIMPI) bekerjasama dengan Departemen Geofisika dan Meteorologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor.<br><br><br></p> PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology) en-US Agromet 0126-3633 <p>Agromet</p> Climate Comfort in Nature-Based Tourism at Tropical Region <p>This research reveals visitor perceptions of climate comfort in nature-based tourism areas in Indonesia. We combined a survey and modeling to calculate the comfort score based on Tourism Climate Index<em> </em>(TCI) and Holiday Climate Index (HCI) in three tourism sites of Ecopark Ancol, Bogor Botanical Garden, and Cibodas Botanical Garden. During the survey, we collected data on climate comfort perceptions and the role of the weather on the comfort. Totally, 793 respondents of tourism visitors participated in the study. Our results showed that almost all of visitors (&gt;95%) stated that the weather affected the climate comfort. Interestingly, the weather condition did not influence on the decisions where the tourism site to visit. The level of perceived climate comfort for the sites were neutral (Ecopark, 57.3%), and comfortable (Bogor Botanical Garden, 60%; Cibodas Botanical Garden, 78.4%). Then by modeling we obtained the best method to calculate the comfort based on the following index: (i) TCI with Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) Tianjin for Ecopark (57.2), (ii) HCI for Bogor Botanical Garden (59), and (iii) HCI with PET Tianjin for Cibodas Botanical Garden (77.6). Further, perception on climate comfort was significantly difference among sex, age, and education level of the visitors. In warmer environmental condition, the older people and women feel more comfortable. Our finding revealed that topography was weak correlated with comfort perception. By understanding visitor perceptions, strategies and appropriate actions can be developed to increase comfort in the nature-based tourism industry.</p> Nofi Yendri Sudiar Yonny Koesmaryono . Perdinan Hadi Susilo Arifin Copyright (c) 2019 Agromet 2019-12-18 2019-12-18 33 2 53 61 10.29244/j.agromet.33.2.53-61 Surface Temperature and Heat Fluxes: Comparison between Natural Forest and Oil Palm Plantation in Jambi Province Using Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land (SEBAL) <p>One of the leading commodities that has contributed a lot of income for Indonesia is oil palm. Oil palm plantations in Jambi are widespread, affecting the energy balance and surface temperature. This study aims to compare surface temperature and heat fluxes of oil palm plantation with different ages, how is the difference between forest and oil palm plantation, and to analyze the effect of oil palm planting on micro-climate change in Jambi. Using the Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land (SEBAL), it was found that in Jambi, young oil palm (2 years old) had higher surface temperatures of 2<sup>o</sup>C compared with adult oil palm (19 years old). While the surface temperature of the adult oil palm plant is slightly higher than natural forest that is 0.5<sup>o</sup>C. The increase of the age of oil palm followed by the increase of plant height (h), <em>Canopy Cover</em> (CC), and surface roughness which resulted in the increase of NDVI value and the cooling effect around the plantation so that the surface temperature (Ts) decreased as indicated by equation TS = 27.00 - 0.1581h - 0.0317CC and NDVI = 0.1335 + 0.00892h + 0.00096CC. The sensible heat flux (H) is affected by surface temperature, roughness length, friction velocity, and aerodynamic resistance of the plant. The highest H value is in the oil palm plantation near Brimob which is 282 W/m<sup>2</sup>. Latent heat flux (LE) is the remainder of the net radiation minus the flux of the soil and the flux feels. The highest LE value is in the oil palm plantation of Pompa Air Village which is 710 W/m<sup>2</sup>. Substantially ground heat flux (G) is affected by net radiation, NDVI, surface temperature, and albedo. The highest value of G is in PT Pisifera Persada oil palm plantation of 98 W/m<sup>2</sup>.</p><p><em>Keywords</em>: NDVI, net radiation, sensible heat flux, latent heat flux, <em>Canopy Cover</em></p> Salis Deris Artikanur Tania June Copyright (c) 2019 Agromet 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 33 2 62 70 10.29244/j.agromet.33.2.62-70 The Use of Reflective Mulch in Soybean-Oil Palm Intercropping System <p>Demand for soybean is increasing nowadays as it provides a high nutrition food at affordable price. To fulfill the demand, an intercropping system of soybean-oil palm may increase the production of soybean. However, shading by the oil palm canopy would reduce the amount of radiation reaching the soil surface. Theoritically, application of reflective mulches may increase the amount of solar radiation intercepted by the shaded plants, hence it gives a positive effect for plant growth. The study aimed to analyze the effect of an increased radiation transmission with reflective mulch on the growth and development of soybean under an intercropping system with 4-year olds oil palm. The experiments were carried out on PT. Perkebunan Nusantara VIII located in Cimarga District, Lebak Regency, from March to June 2018. There were three treatments based on mulch application, namely soil without mulch (R0), soil with black silver plastic mulch (R1), and soil with dry palm oil leaf mulch (R2). The results showed that a canopy of 4-year-olds oil palm transmitted around 42% of an incoming radiation. The use of mulch as radiation reflector has a positive effect on an increased interception of solar radiation and potential productivity. Under R1 and R2 treatments, intercepted radiation was 25% and 15% larger than that of R0. In addition, mulch increased radiation use efficiency (RUE) by 2.3 times under R1 (1.6 g/MJ) and 1.7 times under R2 (1.2 g/MJ). The potency of productivity also increased (1.48 and 1.42 times higher under R1 and R2, respectively). The finding confirmed that mulch application did not affect the plant development in any treatment. Furthermore, we suggest that an intercropping system of soybean and 4-year-olds oil palm may be applied to increase the soybean production in Indonesia.</p> Mufika Haryu Suci Fitriana Yonny Koesmaryono . Impron Taufan Hidayat Copyright (c) 2019 Agromet 2019-12-26 2019-12-26 33 2 71 83 10.29244/j.agromet.33.2.71-83 Potential of Green Leafhopper Attack (Empoasca sp.) in Tea Plantation Based on Climate Change Scenarios <p>Pest growth is closely related to the climate conditions. This study aimed to analyze the impact of climate variability and climate change on the potential attack of green leafhopper (<em>Empoasca</em> sp.) on tea plantations at PTPN VIII Gunung Mas. The analysis was carried out to calculate the value of Ecoclimatic Index (EI) based on the functions of the compare years and the compare location in CLIMEX model. Pest suitability in the future was projected using RCP 4.5 and 8.5 climate scenarios, which were derived from MIROC 5 and CCSM 4 climate model outputs. The result indicated that Gunung Mas Tea Plantation was suitable for <em>Empoasca </em>sp. growth. The EI value (58) in the baseline year (2012-2017) confirmed the suitability. Climate variability influences the suitability for <em>Empoasca </em>sp. growth. During El-Niño, the EI value decrease substantially (~26%). On the other hand, the EI value is projected to slightly increase in the future for both climate scenarios.</p> Dwi Adelianingsih Rini Hidayati Yon Sugiarto Copyright (c) 2019 Agromet 2019-12-27 2019-12-27 33 2 84 95 10.29244/j.agromet.33.2.84-95 Long-term Monthly Discharge Prediction for Cimanuk Watershed <p>Although streamflow data is important for water resource planning, it’s long-term availability for Indonesian rivers is limited. One factor could be identified for example lack of observation. Here, we presented observation-based modeling to predict long-term discharge data for Cimanuk watershed in Indonesia. The watershed is categorized as one of the critical watersheds, meanwhile it supports to more than one million people. A well-known hydrological model called Soil and Water Assessment Tools (SWAT) was used to predict monthly discharge. The model was fed with monthly climate data, topography, land use and soil characteristics. We calibrated the model with the observed data from 1974 to 1994 (20 years). Our results showed that the model was a good performance in estimating monthly discharge as indicated by three statistical metrics used. Based on statistical evaluation, the calibration resulted a low percent bias (3.20%), strong correlation (0.73), and high Kling-Gupta Efficiency (0.78). Further, we did a sensitivity analysis for the model, and we found that hydrological response unit was the most influential parameters for the Cimanuk watershed. A long-term discharge data indicated a monsoonal pattern for this watershed.</p> Marliana Tri Widyastuti Muh Taufik Copyright (c) 2019 Agromet 2019-12-27 2019-12-27 33 2 96 104 10.29244/j.agromet.33.2.96-104