Peran Inkubator Bisnis Perguruan Tinggi dalam Peningkatan Kinerja Usaha UKM Pangan

Rokhani Hasbullah, Memen Surahman, Ahmad Yani, Deva Primadia Almada, Elisa Nur Faizaty


Businesses in food processing plays an important role in the national economy. Facing the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), the performance of the food SMEs needs to be improved in order to compete in the ASEAN region. One of the institutions that play a role in nurturing the business SMEs is Business Incubators. This study aimed to assess the performance of University Business Incubators in nurturing the incubator tenants and to assess the effect of incubation program on the performance of Food SMEs tenants. Research was conducted at several Business Incubators belong to universities by interviewing managers and tenants of the Business Incubators that have focus on the food processing sector. Data were analyzed using balanced scorecard (BSC). The results showed that most of the University Business Incubators have sufficient performances (75) and only a small portion performs well (17) and excellent (8). Business Incubators in general have several limitations such as limitations in process, quality, and facility in incubation program, low efficiency and financial independence. Business Incubators have contributed in improving the business performance of the tenants by increasing the number of labor, the turnover, the market region, and the access to financial sources.


balanced scorecard; Business Incubation; business performance; food processing SMEs

Full Text:



Chandra A, Chao C. 2011. Growth and evolution of high-technology business incubation in China. Human Systems Management. 30(1-2): 55-69.

Hasbullah R, Surahman M, Yani A, Almada DP, Elisa NF. 2014. Model pendampingan UMKM pangan melalui Inkubator Bisnis Perguruan Tinggi. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 19(1): 43-49.

Hewick L. 2006. Canadian Business Inkubator. Proceedings. Seminar International Best Practices For Increasing Inkubator Efficiencies, Jakarta (ID).

Kaplan R, Norton D. 1996. The balanced scorecard. Harvard Business Press, Massachusetts (US).

Kementerian Koperasi dan UKM RI. 2012. Pedoman Pendirian dan Pengelolaan Inkubator Bisnis. Jakarta (ID). Deputi Bidang Pengembangan dan Restrukturisasi Usaha.

Mian SA. 1996. Assessing value-added contributions of university technology business incubators to tenant firms. Research Policy. 25(3): 325-335.

Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 27 Tahun 2013 tentang Pengembangan Inkubator Wirausaha.

Purwadaria HK. 2011. Towards Global Business Through International Co-Incubation. 5th APEC Incubation Forum: Building A Co-incubation Network, Xi’An, China, 06-08 September 2011.

Syarif T. 2009. Pengembangan Wirausaha Baru Melalui Inkubator Bisnis. Kementerian Negara Koperasi dan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah, Jakarta (ID).

View JIPI Stats


   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email:;