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Tipologi Konflik Berbasis Sumber Daya Pangan di Wilayah Perkebunan Sawit

  • . Sumardjo
  • Sutisna Riyanto
  • Amiruddin Saleh
  • . Dahri
  • Adi Firmansyah
Keywords: collaborative approach, conflict, conflict resolution, conflict typology, potenstial resources

Abstract

This research aims: 1) to analyze typology characteristic and conflict mapping in oil palm plantations; 2) to analyze the effectiveness of conflict resolution processes that have taken; 3) to formulate a conflict resolution strategy that is appropriate to the conflict type through collaborative approach base on potential resource and local knowledge. Primary data collected by interviews with local government officials, key figures, and village leaders. Secondary data obtained from village offices, BPS, texbooks, journals, or data from the internet that contains research results related. Data collection techniques used are a combination of the method of triangulation to obtain accurate data. The data collected and processed in a descriptive analysis of quantitative data supporting. Conflict analysis method used in this study is an analysis of the mission and vision conflict phenomena, analyzes aspects of change, stakeholders analysis, perception analysis, analysis of issues, interests analysis, strategy analysis, analysis of engagement, analysis of potential allies, risk analysis, action analysis, and valuation analysis. The results of this study indicate that the conflict in the Sosa, North Sumatera, has come to the level of "tension" or "crisis". Base on study, there are three main issues that people felt in the area around oil palm plantations, covering: issues of land, inadequate farming, the number of unemployment, as well as the limitations of basic facilities in some villages. Third problem is not handled correctly when very likely to trigger conflict, both between citizens and the business community as well as between fellow citizens of the community.

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Author Biographies

. Sumardjo

Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

Sutisna Riyanto
Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Amiruddin Saleh
Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
. Dahri

Pusat Kajian Resolusi Konflik (CARE), Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Baranang Siang, Bogor 16154

Adi Firmansyah
Pusat Kajian Resolusi Konflik (CARE), Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Baranang Siang, Bogor 16154

References

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[PP Lakpesdam NU]. 2008. Panduan Praktis: Sistem Peringatan dan Tanggapan Dini Konflik Berbasis Tokoh Agama Dan Adat. Jakarta (ID): PP Lakpesdam NU.

Sumardjo. 2008. Analisis dan Pengelolaan Konflik, Kolaborasi, Perencanaan dan Penanganan Konflik. Bogor (ID): Pusat Kajian Resolusi Konflik (CARE) Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Sumardjo. 2010a. Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Pengelolaan Konflik di Provinsi Riau. Bogor (ID): Pusat Kajian Resolusi Konflik (CARE) Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Sumardjo, Syarief R, Kriswantriyono A. 2010b. Pengembangan Model Pengelolaan Konflik di Masyarakat Sekitar Tambang dalam Mewujudkan Ketahanan Pangan dan Energi, Kasus Tambang Emas di Jawa Barat dan Tambang Batubara di Kalimantan Selatan. Bogor (ID): Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Published
2015-03-11
How to Cite
Sumardjo, ., Riyanto, S., Saleh, A., Dahri, ., & Firmansyah, A. (2015). Tipologi Konflik Berbasis Sumber Daya Pangan di Wilayah Perkebunan Sawit. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 19(3), 189-196. Retrieved from http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/9156

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