Keterkaitan antara Konsumsi Pangan, Gaya Hidup, dan Status Gizi pada Pegawai Obes dan Normal

Lilik Kustiyah, Evy Damayanthi, Wilda Haerul Fazaarah, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani


The objective of this study was to analyze the interrelation between food consumption, energy and nutrients intake, lifestyle and socioeconomic status with nutritional status of employees. The observation was carried out on 73 employees of the Bogor Agricultural University, selected purposively. Design of this study was cross sectional. Data was collected by interview using questionnaire and measurement of body weight and height in order to get nutritional status of the subjects. Correlation Rank Spearman and Pearson was used to analyze correlation among 2 variables, and independent samples t-test was used to analyze differences between 2 nutritional status categories. The result showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.05) on gender, level of education, and nutrition knowledge between the samples of normal nutritional status and obesity. There was also significant and positive correlation between education level and the energy and carbohydrate intake; income of family with vitamin A and C intake; knowledge of nutrition with the intake of protein, fruit consumption habits and nutritional status. However, there was a significant and negative correlation between exercise habits with the fat intake.



consumption; intake; lifestyle; nutritional status; obesity

Full Text:



Al-Riyami AA, Afifi MM. 2003. Prevalence and correlates of obesity and central obesity among Omani Adults. Saudi Med J. 24(6): 641-646.

Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J. 2008. Consequences of Smoking for Body Weight, Body Fat Distribution and Insulin Resistence. J Nutr. 87:801-809. [17 Okt 2012].

Damayanthi E, Dwiriani CM. 2012. Pengkajian minuman bekatul, minyak bekatul dan tomat untuk kesehatan lipid dan kadar gula darah serta status imun orang dewasa gemuk. [Laporan Akhir]. Bogor (ID). Penelitian strategis nasional kerjasama antara Institut Pertanian Bogor dengan Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional.

[DEPKES] Departemen Kesehatan. 2005. Pedoman Umum Gizi Seimbang (Panduan untuk Petugas). Jakarta (ID): Depkes.

Gibson RS. 2005. Principle of Nutritional Assessment. New York (US): Oxford University Pr.

Jakicic JM, Otto AD. 2005. Physical activity considerations for the treatment and prevention of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 82(1): 226-229.

James WP. 2008. The Epidemiology of obesity: the size of the problem. J Intern Med. 263(4): 336-352.

Low S, Chin MC, Deurenberg−Yap M. 2009. Review on epidemic of obesity. Annals Acad Med. 38(1): 57-59.

Riccardi G, Aggett P, Brighenti F, Delzenne N, Frayn K, Nieuwenhuizen A, Pannemans D, Theis S, Tuijtelaars S, Vessby B. 2004. PASSCLAIM - body weight regulation. Insulin sensitivity and diabetes risk. Eur J Nutr. 43 (2): II7-II46.

Sari DM. 2011. Gaya hidup, intake zat gizi dan morbiditas orang dewasa yang berstatus gizi obes dan normal. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Swinburn BA, Caterson I, Seidell JC, James WP. Diet. 2004. Nutrition and the prevention of excess weight gain and obesity. Public Health Nutr. 7: 123-146.

Yoon YS, Oh SW, Park HS. 2006. Socioeconomic status in relation to obesity and abdominal obesity in Korean adults: a focus on sex differences. Obesity. 14: 909-919.

View JIPI Stats


   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email:;