Kandungan IAA, serapan hara, pertumbuhan dan produksi jagung dan kacang tanah sebagai respon terhadap aplikasi pupuk hayati

Sigit Tri Wibowo, . Hamim, Aris Tri Wahyudi


The aim of this research was to study IAA content, nutrient uptake, growth and productivity of maize and peanut in response to application of biofertilizer. The research was conducted in a green house of Cikabayan IPB Farm, Bogor Agriculture University, Darmaga, Bogor, West Java. A completely randomized design was applied in single factor experiment for maize and peanut with 3 replications. The treatments consisted of 4 factors: I. Without fertilizer, II. 100% biofertilizer (dosage 100g/pot), III. 100% inorganic fertilizer, and IV. Combination of biofertilizer and inorganic fertilizer with 50% dosage. Biofertilizer was applied using compost enriched by Pseudomonas sp., Bacillus sp., Azotobacter sp., Azospirillum sp., Rhizobium sp, and P-solubilising bacteria. The dosage of inorganic fertilizer was 0.5 gfpot of Urea; 0.5 g/pot of SP-36; 0.375 g/pot of KCI for maize, and 0.125 g/pot of Urea; 0.5 g/pot of SP-36; 0.375 g/pot of KCI for peanut. Application of biofertilizer enhanced auxin content of maize by 73-159°/o, but not in peanut. The treatment also increased the uptake of N, P, and K of both plants by 2 to 35 times as compared to control plant. The production increased by 270% on maize and 66% on peanut due to application of biofertilizer. The result showed that application of compost enriched by microbial activator was able to supplement inorganic fertilizer for growth and production of maize and peanut.


Biofertilizer; nutrient uptake; hormone IAA; morphology responses

Full Text:



Atlas, R.M., Bortha, R. 1998. Microbial Ecology. Fundamental & Applications. The Benjamin/ Cumming Publishing Company.

Blakeslee, J.J. (2005). Auxin transport. Curr Plant Biol:8:1-7.

Dey, R., Pal, K.K., Bhatt, D.M., Chaucan, S.M. 2004. Growth promotion and yield enhacement of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) by application plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Microbiol Res 159: 371-394.

Guo, et al., 2004. Biocontrol of tomato wilt by Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria. Biol Cont 29: 66-72.

Han, H.S., Supanjani, Lee, K.D. 2006. Effect of co-inoculation with phosphate and potassium solubilizing bacteria on mineral uptake and growth of pepper and cucumber. Plant Soil Environ 3: 130-136.

Han, H.S., Lee, K.D. 2005. Phosphate and potassium solubilizing bacteria effect on mineral uptake, soil availability and growth of eggplant. Res J Agric Biol Sci 2:176-180.

Havlin, J.L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L. 2005. Soil Fertility and Fertilizer. Pearson Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 515 Hlm.

Kristanto, H.B., Mimbar, S.M., Sumarni, T. 2002. Pengaruh inokulasi Azospirilium terhadap efisiensi pemupukan N pada pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman jagung (Zea mays L.). Agrivita 24:74-79.

Lerner, et al., 2005.Effects of Azospirilium brasiliense inoculation on rhizobacterial communities analized by denaturing gel electrophoresis and automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis. Soil Biol Biochem 20 : 1-7.

Linch, J.M. 1990. The Rhizosphere. Chichester. U.K.

Nursyamsi, D., Syafuan, L.O., Purnomo, D. 2005. Peranan bahan organik dan dolomit dalam memperbaiki sifat-sifat tanah podsolik dan pertumbuhan jagung (Zea mays L.). J Penel Pert 24: 118-129.

Pal, K.K., Dey, R., Bhatt, D.M., Chauhan, S.M. 2000.Plant growth promoting fluorescent Pseudomonas enhanced peanut growth, yield and nutrient uptake. National Research Centre for Groundnut.

Pattern, C.L., Glick, B.R. 2005. Isolation and characterization of Indol Acetic Acid biosynthesis genes from PGPR. Dept. of Biology University of Waterloo, Ontorio, Canada.

Pattern, C.L., Glick, B.R. 2002. Role of Pseudomonas putida indole acetic acid in development of the the plant root system. Appl Environ Microbiol 68: 3795 – 3801.

Picard, C., Bosco, M. 2005. Maize heterosis effects the structure and dynamics of indigenous rhizospheric auxins-producing Pseudomonas populations. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 53: 349-357.

Rahmi, A., Jannah, N., Julianti. 2005. Pengaruh beberapa macam pupuk dan plant activator terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil jagung manis (Zea mays saccharata STURT). Stigma 13:199-204.

Shuman, L.M. 2000. Mineral Nutrition. Di dalam: Wilkinson RE, editor. Plant-Environment Interactions. Ed ke-2.New York:Marcel Dekker. hlm 65-93.

Srivastava, L.M. 2002. Plant Growth and Development. Academic Press.USA.Hal 191-202.

Smith, S.E., Read, D.J. 1997. Mychorizal Symbiosis. Academic, Press. London.

Tarigan, T., Sudiarso, Respatijarti. 2002. Studi tentang dosis dan macam pupuk organik pada pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman jagung manis (Zea mays saccharata STURT). Agrivita 24:52-56.

Unyayar, S., Topcouglu, S.F., Unyanyar, A. 1996. A modified method for extraction and identification of Indole-3-Acetic Acid (IAA), Gibberelic Acid (GA), Abcisic Acid (ABA) and Zeatin produced by Phanerochaete chrysosporium ME446. Bulg J Plant Physiol 22: 105-110.

Vessey, J.K. 2003. PGPR as biofertilizers. Plant Soil 255: 571-586.

Weller, D.M., Raasjmakers, J.M., Gardener, B.B.M., Thomashow, L.S. 2002. Mycrobial populations responsible for specific soil suppressiveness to plant pathogens. Ann Rev Phytopathogens 40: 309-348.

Wu, S.C., Cao, Z.H., Cheung, K.C, Wong, M.H. 2005. Effects of biofertilizer containing N-fixer, P and K solubilizers and AM fungi on maize growth: a greenhouse trial. Geoderma 125:155-166.

Zakharova, et al., 2003. Biosynthesis of indole-3-acetic acid in Azospirillum brasilense. Eur J Biochem 259: 572-576.

View JIPI Stats


   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id