JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Pengaruh pupuk NPK dan kompos terhadap pertumbuhan semai gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.) pada media tanaha bekas tambang emas (tailing)

  • Basuki Wasis
  • Nuri Fathia
Keywords: Gmelina arborea Roxb., Tailings, mining, compost fertilizer, NPK fertilizer

Abstract

Mining activities could adversely affect the environment if the waste it generates is not processed properly. Negative impacts include disruption of natural ecosystems in the form of changes in soil structure resulting morphology and physical conditions, chemical and biological soil becomes worse. Tailings are mineralmineral/ logam-logam composite weight from mining activities, has a sandy texture. Planting crops gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.) On the media tailings with the addition of NPK fertilizer and composted manure is expected to improve the physical properties, chemical and biological soil tailings as a medium for plant growth in land revegetation efforts. Experimental design used in this study was factorial design with two factors. The first factor is fertilizer NPK with 4 level and the second factor is the compost with 4 level. The interaction between NPK fertilizer and compost that give real effect on the growth of both high and diameter gmelina. So that the resulting growth in both fertilizer interaction produces a real growth. A2B3 combination treatment (NPK 10 grams to 30 grams of compost) to give the most obvious influence with the highest growth in response to the control that is 7.56 em {75.08%). In the interaction treatment A3BO (NPK fertilizer with compost 15 grams 0 grams) shows the percentage growth in value of the diameter of the supreme control of 0.0575 em {22.716%).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Basuki Wasis

Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

Nuri Fathia
Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

References

Al Rasyid, H., Widiarti, A. 1992. Teknik Penanaman dan Pemungutan Hasil Gmelina arborea (Yamane). Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan.

Arienzo, M., P Adamo, V. Cozzolino. 2003. The Potential of Lolium Perenne for Revegetation of Contamined Soil form a Metallurgical Site. Elsevier Science, 319 (2004) : 13 -25.

Conesa, H.M., Angel F, Raquel A. 2005. Heavy Metal Acumulation and Tolerance in Plant from Mine Tailings of the Semiarid Cartagena –La Union Mining District (SE Spain). Elsevier Science 336 (1) : 1 – 11.

Dharmawan, I.W. 2003. Pemanfaatan endomikoriza dan pupuk organik dalam memperbaiki pertumbuhan Gmelina arborea LINN pada tanah tailing [Tesis]. Bogor: Program Pasca Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Darmono. 2006. Lingkungan Hidup dan Pencemaran : Hubungannya dengan Toksikologi Senyawa Logam. UI Press. Jakarta.

Green, S., S. Renault. 2007. Influence of papermill sludge on Growth of Medicago sativa, Festuca rubra and Agropyron trachycaulum in Gold Line Tailing: Greenhouse study. Elsevier Science, 151 (3) : 524 – 531.

Hakim, N., M.Y. Nyakpa, A.M. Lubis, S.G. Nugroho, M.A. Diha, G.B. Hong, H.H. Bailey. 1986. Dasar-dasar Ilmu Tanah. Lampung : Unversitas Lampung.

Hardjowigeno, S. 2003. Ilmu Tanah. Bogor: Akademika Pressindo.

Islami T, Utomo WH. 1995. Hubungan Tanah, Air dan Tanaman. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press.

Keraf, A. S. 2002. Etika Lingkungan. Penerbit Buku Kompas. Jakarta.

Juhaeti T, F. Syarif, N Hidayati. 2005. Inventarisasi Tumbuhan Potensial untuk Fitoremediasi Lahan dan Air Terdegradasi Penambangan Emas. Jurnal Biodiversitas, 6 (1): 31 -33.

Manik, K. E. S. 2007. Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Penerbit Djambatan. Jakarta.

Notodarmojo, S. 2005. Pencemaran Tanah dan Air Tanah. Penerbit ITB. Bandung

Samekto R. 2006. Pupuk Kompos. PT Intan Sejati. Klaten.

Lesmanawati, I. R. 2005. Pengaruh pemberian kompos, thiobacillus, dan penanaman gmelina serta sengon pada tailing emas terhadap biodegradasi sianida dan pertumbuhan kedua tanaman [Tesis]. Bogor: Program Pasca Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Rusdiana, O., Y. Fakuara, C. Kusmana, Y. Hidayat. 2000. Respon pertumbuhan tanaman sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) terhadap kepadatan dan kandungan air tanah podsolik merah kuning. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol 6 No. 2 : 43 – 53.

Setiabudi, B.T. 2005. Penyebaran merkuri Akibat Usaha Pertambangan Emas di Daerah Sangon Kabupaten Kulon Progo. D.I. Yogyakarta. Jurnal Biodiversitas 2(1) : 34-39.

Setyaningsih, L. 2007. Pemanfaatan cendawan mioriza arbuskula dan kompos aktif untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan semai mindi (Melia azedarach Linn) pada media tailing tambang emas Pongkor. [Tesis] Bogor. Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB. Bogor.

Sudarmonowati E., Novi S., N.S. Hartati, N. Taryana, U.J. Siregar. 2009. Sengon Mutan Putatif Tahan Tanah Ex-Tambang Emas. Journal of Applied and Industrial Biotechnology in Tropical Region, 2 (2) : 1 – 5.

Tamin, R. P. 2010. Pertumbuhan Semai Jabon (Anthocephalus cadambaRoxb Mic) pada media pasca penambangan batu bara yang diperkaya fungi mikoriza arbuskula, limbah batubara dan pupuk NPK. [Tesis]. Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB. Bogor.

Tordoff, G., A. J. M. Baker, A. J. Willis. 2000. Current Approaches to the Revegetation and Reclamation of Metallliferous Mine Wastes. Elsevier Science 40 (2) : 487-490.

Puspaningsih, N., K. Murtilaksono, N. Sinukaban, I. N. S. Jaya, Y. Setiadi. 2010. Pemantauan Keberhasilan Reforestasi di Kawasan Pertambangan Melalui Model Indeks Tanah Reforestation Achievement Monitoring at Mining Area through Soil Index Model. JMHT Vol. XVI, (2): 53–62.

How to Cite
Wasis, B., & Fathia, N. (1). Pengaruh pupuk NPK dan kompos terhadap pertumbuhan semai gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.) pada media tanaha bekas tambang emas (tailing). Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 15(2), 123-129. Retrieved from http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/6496

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>