Pemanfaatan bungkil biji jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas) terfermentasi sebagai pakan ayam kampung

. Sumiati, Dewi Apri Astuti, Sri Suharti

Abstract


Jatropha curcas"meal (JCM) is very potential as protein source for poultry. The JCM contained high crude protein, i.e. 56,4-63,8% (without hull) and 22,39-31,41% (hulled JCM). JCM serves as a highly nutritious and economic protein supplement in animal feed, if the toxins and antinutrients contained in the JCM are removed. The toxic compounds isolated from jatropha seed include curcin, phorbolesters, and the antinutrients include antitrypsins, tannin, saponin, phytic acid, and high fiber. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented JCM on the performances of kampong chickens. In this study, tempeh fungi (fungi using in fermenting soybean) used to ferment the JCM. Two hundred kampung chickens were used in this experiment and reared from day old up to 10 weeks of age. The data analyzed with a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatment diets and 4 replications, with 10 birds in each replicate. The experimental diets were: TO (the control diet, without Jatropha curcas meal), T1 (the diet contained 5°/o untreated Jatropha curcas meal), T2 (the diet contained 5% fermented Jatropha curcas meal + cellulase 200 ml/ton of feed), T3 (the diet contained 5°/o fermented Jatropha curcas meal + 1000 FTU phytase), and T4 {the diet contained 5% fermented Jatropha curcas meal + cellulase 200 ml/ton + 1000 FTU phytase). The results showed that there were no significant difference on the parameters observed due to the treatments. Feeding fermented Jatropha curcas meal supplemented with cellulase+ phytase{T4) yielded the final body weight and feed conversion ratio similar to those the control {TO) diet. There was no mortality observed in all treatments. Using JCM 5% in the diet is safe for the kampong chickens.


Keywords


Jatropha curcas meal; fermentation; kampong chicken

Full Text:

PDF

References


Herrera, J.M., P. Siddhuraju, G. Francis, G. Davila-Ortiz, and K.Becker. 2006. Chemical composition, toxic/antimetabolic constituents, and effects of different treatments on their levels, in four provenances oj Jatropha curcas L. from Mexico. Food Chemistry 96: 80-89.

Karim, A. 2006. Responses of broiler chicks to non-phytate phosphorus levels and phytase supplementation. Int. J. Of Poultry Science. 5(3): 251-254.

Leeson, S. and J.D. Summers. 2001. Nutrition of the Chicken. 4th Ed. University Book. Guelp, Ontario.

Leeson, S. and J.D. Summers. 2005. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. 3 rd Ed. University Book. Guelp, Ontario.

Makkar, H.P.S, Aderibigbe, A.O., Becker, K., 1998. Comparative evaluationof a non-toxic and toxic varieties of Jatropha curcas for chemical composition, digestibility, protein degradability and toxic factors. Food Chem. 62, 207-215.

Pillai, P.B., D.T. O’Conner, C.M. Owens, and J.I. Emmert. 2006. Efficacy of an Eschericia coli phytase in broilers fed adequate or reduced phosphorus diets and its effect on carcass characteristics. Poult. Sci. 85(10): 1737-1745.

Selle, P.H., V. Ravindran, G. Ravindran, and W.L. Bryden. 2007. Effect of dietary lysine and microbial phutase on growth performance and nutrient utilization of broiler chickens. Asian-Australasian J. Of Anim.Sci. 20(7): 1100-1107.

Singh, P.K. 2008. Significance of phytic acid and supplemental phytase in chicken nutrition: a review. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 64(4): 553-577.

Sing, J., and S.S. sikka. 2006. Effects of phytase supplementation at different Ca:P ratios of the growth performance of broiler chicks. Indian J. Of Poult. Sci. 41(2): 159-164.

Singh, P.K., V.K. Khatta, R.S. Thakur, S. Dey, and M.L. Sangwan. 2003. Effect of phytase supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens fed maize and wheat based diets with different level of non-phytate phosphorus. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science, 16(11): 1642-1649.

Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie. 1995. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika-Suatu Pendekatan Biometrik. Bambang Sumantri (Penerjemah). P.T. Gramedia. Jakarta.

Sumiati. 2005. Rasio molar asam fitat:Zn untuk menentukan suplementasi Zn serta penambahan enzim fitase dalam ransum berkadar asam fitat tinggi. Disertasi. Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB. Bogor.

Sumiati dan A. Sudarman. 2006. Toksisitas, prosesing dan nilai hayati energi dan protein bungkil biji jarak (Jatropha curcas L.) untuk pakan ternak unggas. Laporan Akhir Hibah Penelitian Program Due-like IPB. Bogor.

Sumiati, A. Sudarman, L.N. Hidayah, and W.B. Santoso. 2007. Toxicity of Jatropha curcas L. meal toxins on Broilers. Proceeding of Seminar AINI (Indonesian association of Nutrition and Feed Science) VI, july 26-27, 2007, pp.195-201.

Sumiati, D.A. Astuti, dan S.Suharti. 2008. Pemanfaatan Limbah Biodiesel (Bungkil dan daun Jarak Pagar) (Jatropha curcas L.) sebagai Pakan Unggas Berikut Kajian Anthelmintik dan Gangguan Metabolisme. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing. LPPM IPB. Bogor.

Tizzard. 1988. Pengantar Imunologi Veteriner. Terjemahan: M. Partodiredjo. Airlangga University Press. Surabaya.

Wink, M. 1993. Forschungs bericht zum project “Nutzung pflanzlicher Öle als Krafstoffe” Consultan’s report prepared for GTZ, Germany.




View JIPI Stats

 

   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id