Kandungan emisi gas rumah kaca pada kebakaran hutan rawa gambut di pelalawan Riau
Peat land in the east coast of Sumatera (Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera) and Kalimantan (South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and West Kalimantan) has being used for agricultural crops such as rice field, palm oil and coffee plantation. land preparation practiced is slash and burn method. Smoke haze that produce from peat fires were caused by these method. To determine the impact of such practice to atmospheric quality, a study was conducted at Pelalawan Province Riau. Four plots on peat land were prepared at sapric and hemic, each plot was 20 m x 20 m (0,04 ha). Before burning vegetation was cleared off, then the plots were circularly burned (ring fire) and greenhouse gases emitted were measured. The average of greenhouse gases emitted from sapric plot burning were 273 ppm CH, 10.395 ppm C0 and 1.223 ppm CO. Greenhouse gasses emitted from hemic plot burning were 306 ppm CH, 10.678 ppm C02 and 2176 ppm CO. The high CO emission from peat burning indicate there has been an incomplete burning at the fuel, due to high fuel moisture. The largest single atmospheric emission from peat burning was C0 and the smallest was CH • The increase of greenhouse gases emission will contribute to global climate change, especially the global temperature increase through greenhouse effect of the gases.
Istomo. 1992. Pelestarian Pemanfaatan Hutan Rawa Gambut dan Permasalahan di Indonesia. Makalah Penunjang pada Seminar Pembangunan Terpadu Kawasan Pasang Surut
Levine, J. S. and Cofer III, W. R. 2000. Boreal Forest Fire Emissions and the Chemistry of the Atmosphere. In: Kasischke, E. S. and B. J. Stocks (Eds). Fire, Climate, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest. Ecological Studies 138. Springer-Verlag. New York.
Levine, J. S. 1994. Biomass burning and the production of greenhouse gases. Climate Biosphere Interaction: Biogenic Emissions and Environmental Effects of Climate ChangeEdited by Righard G.Zepp ISBN 0-471-58943-3 Copyright 1994 John Wiley and Sons, Inc.http://asd-www.larc.nasa.gov/biomass_ burn/biomass.html
Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia. 2007. Compilation of hotspot data in the period of 1998 – 2006. Ministry of Forestry. Jakarta.
Mueller-Dombois, D. dan J.G. Goldammer. 1990. Fire in Tropical Ecosystem and Global Environmental Change: an intoduction. Dalam Goldammer, J.G. (penyunting). Fire in The Tropical Biota. Ecosystem processes and global chalenges. Springer Verlag, Berlin. pp. 1-10.
Syaufina, L., A. N. Ainuddin, O. Rachmatsjah, and E. A. Husaeni. 2007. Fire season and class in teak plantations of Central Java, Indonesia. The Malaysian Forester. Vol 70 No.1 January 2007. pp 31-40.
Wahyunto, S. Ritung, Suparto, H. Subagjo. 2005. Sebaran Gambut dan Kandungan Karbon di Sumatera dan Kalimantan. Proyek Climate Change, Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia. Wetlands International – International Programmed an Wildlife Habitat Canada. Bogor.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).