JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Ketergantungan Tiga Jenis Tanaman Kehutanan terhadap Mikoriza pada Media Tanah Bekas Tambang Pasir Silika

  • Putri Aurum Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Sri Wilarso Budi Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Prijanto Pamoengkas Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

Abstract

One effort to support the success of reclamation and rehabilitation of ex-silica sand mines is to improve the quality of seedling planted with mycorrhizal inoculation. Each plant has a mycorrhizal dependency which varies depending on the plant species and the level of soil fertility. This study aimed to analyze the mycorrhizal dependency of Kadam (Anthocephalus cadamba), Red Sengon (Albizia chinensis), and Kaliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus) grown on soil growing media from post silica sand mining and amended with compost and lime. The study used completely randomized design with a split plot design consist of two factors, first factor was mycorrhizal inoculation in the form of MycoSilvi inoculum, consisting of two levels and the second factor was soil ameliorant in the form of lime and compost consisting of six levels, each treatment was repeated five times. The results showed that the treatment of lime and MycoSilvi addition showed the highest percentage of mycorrhizal dependency on Kadam, Red Sengon and Kaliandra seedlings, which were 76, 62, and 59% respectively. The addition of lime and compost decreased the degree of relative mycorrhizal dependency of three plants species tested, in line with increasing available P in soil growth medium.

Keywords: mycorrhizal dependency, MycoSilvi, post mined soil, soil ameliorant

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Barchia MF. 2009. Agroekosistem Tanah Mineral Masam. Yogyakarta (ID): Gadjah Mada University Press.

Bini D, Santos CA, Silva MCP, Bonfim JA, Cardoso EJBN. 2017. Intercropping Acacia mangium stimulates AMF colonization and soil phosphatase activy in Eucalyptus grandis. Scientla Agricola. 75(2): 102-110 https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992x-2016-0337

Bonfante P, Genre A. 2010. Mechanism underlying beneficial plant-fungus interactions in mycorrhizal symbiosis. Nature communication. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1046

Budi SW, Maharani P, Sukendro A, Wibowo C. 2020. The role of MycoSilvi, lime, and compost on the growth of Balsa (Ochroma bicolor Rowlee.) Seedling in Post Silica Sand Mine Media. Journal of Sylva Indonesiana (JSI). 3(1): 28-39.

Cakyayanti ID, Setiadi Y. 2014. Evaluasi hasil-hasil penelitian berbagai jenis pohon dalam rangka rehabilitasi lahan tambang mineral di Indonesia. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika. 5(2): 91-96.

Correa A, Strasser RJ, Martins-Laucado MA. 2006. Are mycorrhiza always beneficial?. Plant and Soil 279: 65-73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-7460-1

Eviati, Sulaeman. 2009. Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air, dan Pupuk. Bogor (ID): Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Filho JAC, Lemos EEP, Santos TMC, Caetano LC, Nogueira MA. 2008. Mycorrhizal dependency of mangaba tree under increasing phosphorus levels. Pesq.agropec.bras. 43(7): 887-892. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X20080007 00013

Fini A, Ferrini F. 2011. Effect of mulching with compost on growth and physiology of Acer campestre L. and Carpinus betulus L. Advance Horticulture Science. 25(4): 232-238.

Gerdermann JW. 1975. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae. In: The Development and Function of Roots. (J. G. Torrey and D. T. Clarkson Eds.). New York (US): Academic Press.

Ghosh S, Verma NK. 2006. Growth and mycorrhizal dependency of Acacia mangium Willd. Inoculated with three vesiculer arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in lateritic soil. New Forests 31: 75-81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-004-4763-7

Giri B. 2017. Mycorrhizal dependency and growth reponse of Gliricidia sepium (Jacq) Kunth ex Walp. under saline condition. Plant Science Today. 4(4): 154-160. https://doi.org/10.14719/pst.2017.4.4.348

Harth MH, Forsythe JA. 2012. Using arbuscullar mycorrizal fungi to improve the nutrient quality of crops; nutritional benefits in addition to phosphorus. Scientia Horticulture. 148(2012): 206-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.09.018

Hetrick BAD, Wilson WT, Cox TS. 1992. Mycorrhizal dependency of modern wheat varietes, landraces, and ancestors. Canadian Journal of Botany. 70: 2032-2040. https://doi.org/10.1139/b92-253

Janting, Muin A, Burhanuddin. 2018. Pertumbuhan Bibit Aren (Arenga pinnata Merr) Pada Media Tanah Ultisol Dipersemaian. Jurnal Tengkawang. 8(1): 1-5. https://doi.org/10.26418/jt.v8i1.24121

Jha A, Kumar A, Saxena RK, Kamalvanshi M, Chakravarty N. 2012. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculations on seedling growth and biomass productivity of two bamboo species. Indian Indian Journal of Microbiology. 52(2): 281-285. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12088-011-0213-3

Karti PDMH, Setiadi Y. 2011. Respons pertumbuhan, produksi dan kualitas rumput terhadap penambahan fungsi mikoriza arbuskula dan asam humat pada tanah masam dengan aluminium tinggi. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner. 16(2): 104-111.

Kebrabadi BZ, Matinizadeh M, Daryayi M, Salehi A. 2014. Changes in acid and alkaline phosphatase enzyme activity in rhizosphere ash Fraxinus rotundifolia and its correlation with soil and plant phosporus. Journal Biology and Environmental Science. 4(5): 233-238.

Khairuna, Syafruddin, Marlina. 2015. Pengaruh fungi mikoriza arbuskular dan kompos pada tanaman kedelai terhadap sifat kimia tanah. Journal Floratek. (10): 1-9.

Menge JA, Johnson ELV. Platt RG. 1978. Mycorrhizal dependency of several citrus cultivars under three nutrient regimes. New Phytol. 1978(81): 553-559. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1978.tb01628.x

Miransari M. 2017. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal and Stress Tolerance of Plants. Qiang-Sheng Wu, Editor. Singapore (SG): Springer (E-book). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4115-0_7

Mrabet SE, Ouahmane L, Mousadik AE. 2014. The effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and bio-compost addition for enchancing reforestation with Argania spinosa in Morocco. Journal of Forestry. 4(1): 14-23. https://doi.org 10.4236/ojf.2014.41003

Munawar A. 2011. Kesuburan Tanah dan Nutrisi Tanaman. Bogor (ID): IPB Press.

Muryati S. 2016. Aplikasi Desmodium ovalifolium yang Diinokulasikan Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula Pada Octomeles sumatrana Miq. di Tanah Pasca-tambang. [Tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Notodarmojo S. 2005. Pencemaran Tanah dan Air. Bandung (ID): ITB.

Plenchette C, Fortm JA, Furlan V. 1983. Growth response of several plant species to mycorrhizae in a soil of moderate P fertility. I. Mycorrhizal dependency under field conditions. Plant Soil. 70: 199-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02374780

Rout G, Samantaray S, Das P. 2001. Alumunium toxicity in plants: a review. Agronomie, EDP Sciences. 21(1): 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/219462

Rumondang J. 2016. Uji Adaptabilitas Paspalum conjugatum Berg, Setaria splendida Stapf, dan Vetiveria zizanoides (L.) Nash Pada Toksisitas Alumunium [Tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Silva S. 2012. Aluminium toxicity targets in plants. Hindawi Publishing Corp, Journal of Botany. 2012: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/219462

Smith SE, Read DJ. 2008. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Third edition. Academic press

Smith SE, Smith FA. 2012. Fresh perspectives on the roles of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant nutrition and growth. Mycologia. 104: 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3852/11-229

Sopandie D. 2013. Fisiologi Adaptasi Tanaman Terhadap Cekaman Abiotik pada Agroekosistem Tropika. Bogor (ID): IPB Press.

Sultana J, Siddique MNA. 2015. Quantifying the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization and acid phosphatase activy in grass biomass production. Journal of Molecular Studies and Medicine Research. 1(1): 1-15. https://doi.org/10.18801/jmsmr.010115.01

Swift CE. 2004. Mycorrhiza and soil phosphorus levels. Colorado State University. Cooperation Extention. 1-4.

Tamin RP. 2010. Pertumbuhan semai jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba Roxb Miq.) pada media pasca penambangan batubara yang diperkaya fungi mikoriza arbuskula, limbah batubara dan pupuk NPK [Tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Tawaraya K. 2003. Arbuscular mycorrhizal dependency of different plant species and cutivars. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 49(5): 655-668. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2003.10410323

Widyati E. 2012. Pemanfaatan Sludge Industri Pulp dan Kertas Untuk Ameliorasi Tanah Tailing Tambang Emas. Jurnal Selulosa. 2(1): 28-38. https://doi.org/10.25269/jsel.v2i01.30

Yao Q, Li XL, Feng G, Christie P. 2001. Influence of extramatrical hyphae on mycorrhizal dependency of wheat genotypes. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 32: 3307–3317.

Yamamoto Y. 2019. Aluminum toxicity in plant cells: Mechanisms of cell death and inhibition of cell elongation. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 65: 41-55. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2018.1553484

Published
2020-04-06
How to Cite
Aurum, P., Budi, S. W., & Pamoengkas, P. (2020). Ketergantungan Tiga Jenis Tanaman Kehutanan terhadap Mikoriza pada Media Tanah Bekas Tambang Pasir Silika. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 25(2). https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.25.2.309