Respons Pemberian dan Penetapan Status Hara Si pada Tanaman Padi

Mirawanty Amin, Budi Nugroho, . Suwarno, Dyah Tjahyandari Suryaningtyas


The use of silica fertilizer still has been included in cultivation technology: however, nutrient status for paddy soil is rarely reported in Indonesia. It is necessary to carry out a research on the determination of nutrient status and the influence of silica fertilizer on rice production. The aims of this research are to investigate the effect trass on soil chemical properties, discover of silica fertilizer on rice production and determine the nutrient status of Si by Cate Nelson and Contiunous Curves. The results showed that the effect of trass has a significant on soil chemical properties such as pH H2O and available Si. The nutrient status of Si was estimated by using several different extractants namely H2O; CaCl2; Ammonium Acetate pH 4.8; and Acetate Buffer pH 4 gives a critical limit value of 13, 17, 34, and 37 mg kg-1, equivalent to 28 mg kg-1, 36 mg kg-1, 73 mg kg-1, and 79 mg kg-1 SiO2, respectively. Meanwhile, the Si availability in the medium class based on Continuous Curves Method extracted by H2O; 0.01 M CaCl2; NH4OAc pH 4.8; and Na-acetate pH 4 were 18-34, 33-41, 44-79, and 42-81 mg SiO2 kg-1, espectively. Burned trass with dose of 10 g kg-1 gives the highest rice production of 44.19 g pot-1 equivalent to 7.07 ton ha-1.


nutrient status, paddy, silica, trass

Full Text:



Bélanger RR, Benhamou N, Menzies JG. 2003. Cytological evidence of an active role of silicon in wheat resistance to powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis f. sp. Tritici). Phytopathology. 93: 402-412.

Cate RB, Nelson LA. 1965. A rapid method for correlation of soil test analyses with plant response data. North Carolina (USA): Technology Bulletin.

Cope JT, Rouse RD. 1973. Interpretation of soil test results [ulasan]. di dalam: Walsh LM. Beaten JD. (eds). Soil Testing and Plant Analysis. Madison (SSA): 35-54.

Dahnke WC, Olson RA. 1990. Soil testing correlation, calibration and recommendation [ulasan]. di dalam: Westerman RL. (eds). Soil testing and plant analysis 3rd edition. Madison (SSA): 45-71.

Datnoff LE, Snyder GH, Deren CW. 1992. Influence of silicon fertilizer grade on blast and brown spot development and on rice yields. Plant Disease: 76: 1182-1184.

Datnoff LE, Elmer WH, Huber DM. 2007. Mineral nutrition and plant disease. Amerika (USA): The American Phytopathological Society Press.

Datnoff LE, Rodrigues FA, Seebold KW. 2009. Silicon and Plant Disease. In: Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease [ulasan]. Di dalam: Datnoff L E, W H Elmer, DM Huber (eds.). The American Phytopathological Society Press. St.Paul (MN): 233-246.

Fox RL, Silva JA, Younge OR. Plucknett DL, Sherman GD. 1967. Soil and plant silicon response by sugarcane. Soil Science Society American Journal. 31: 775-779. 03615995003100060021x

Haynes RJ, Belyaeva ON. Kingston G. 2013. Evaluation of industrial wastes as sources as fertilizing silicon using chemical extractions and plant uptake. Journal Plant Nutrition Soil Science. 176: 238-248. 201200372

Hurney AP. 1973. A progress to report on the calcium silicate investigations [Internet]. [diunduh 21 November 2017]. Tersedia pada: http:/ /

Imaizumi K, Yoshida S. 1958. Edaphological studies on silica supplying power of paddy yield. Buletin National Institute Agriculture Science. 88 :261-304.

Jones LHP, Handreck KA. 1965. Studies of silica in the oat plant. uptake of silica from soils by plant. Plant Soil. 23: 79-96. BF01349120

Kato N. 1996. Factors affecting Silicon Concentration in the soil solution: effects of soil solution pH, Ca concentration and CO2 gas and slag application. Journal of Soil Sciences Plant Nutrition. 67: 626-632.

Khalid RA, Silva JA, Fox RL. 1978. Residual effects of calcium silicate in tropical soils: fate of applied silicon during five years of cropping. Soil Society American Journal. 42: 89-94. 10.2136/sssaj1978.03615995004200010020x

Korndorfer GH, Coelho MN, Snyder GH, Mizutani CT. 1999. An evaluation of soil extractants for silicon availability in upland rice. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 23: 101-106.

Korndorfer, Snyder GH, Ulloa M, Datnoff LE. 2001. Calibration of soil and plant Silicon for rice production. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 24: 1071-1084.

Liang YC, Ma TS, Li FJ, Feng YJ. 1994. Silicon availability and response of rice and wheat to silicon in calcareous soils. Communications in Soil Sciences and Plant Analysis. 25(3): 2285-2297. 00103629409369189

Liang Y, Nikolic M, Belanger R, Gong H, Song A. 2015. Silicon in agriculture: From theory to practice. Amsterdam (AMS): Springer.

Liferdi L. 2010. Efek pemberian fosfor terhadap pertumbuhan dan status hara pada bibit manggis. Jurnal Hortikultura. 20(1): 18-26.

Ma JF, Miyake Y, Takahashi E. 2001. Silicon as a beneficial element for crop plants [ulasan]. Di dalam: Datnoff LE. Synder GH. Korndorfer GH. (eds). Silicon in Agriculture. Amsterdam (AN): Elsevier Science: 17-39.

Marxen A, Klozbutcher T, Jahn R, Kaiser K, Nguyen VS, Schmidt A, Schadler M, Vetterlein D. 2016. Interaction between silicon cycling and straw decomposition in a silicon deficient rice production system. Plant Soil. 398: 153-163. 10.1007/s11104-015-2645-8

Narayanaswamy C, Prakash NB. 2009. Calibration and categorization of plant available silicon in rice soils of south india. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 32: 1237-1254. 05970

Nugroho B. 2009. Peningkatan produksi padi gogo dengan aplikasi silikat dan fosfat serta inokulasi fungi mikoriza arbuskular pada ultisol. [Disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Paye SW. 2016. Silicon fertilization in rice: establishment of critical silicon level and its impact on availability of nutrients in soils of Louisiana. [Thesis]. Lousiana (US): Lousiana State University.

Sakr N. 2016. The role of silicon (Si) in increasing plant resistance against fungal diseases. Journal Hellen Plant Protect. 9(1): 1-15.

Peraturan Menteri Pertanian. 2007. Rekomendasi pemupukan n, p, dan k pada padi sawah spesifik lokasi.

Rizwan M, Meunier J, Miche H, Keller C. 2012. Effect of silicon on reducing cadmium toxicity in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. cv. Claudio W.) grown in a soil with aged contamination. Journal Hazard Mater. 209-210: 326-334. j.jhazmat.2012.01.033

Snyder GH, Jones DB, Gascho GJ. 1986. Silicon fertilization of rice in Everglades Histosols. Soil Science Society American Journal. 50: 1259-1263.

Utomo H. 2011. Pengaruh Kaptan, trass, dan pupuk fosfor terhadap kedelai varietas orba pada podsolik Jasinga. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Van Bockhaven J, De Vleesschauwer D, Hofte M. 2013. Towards establishing broad spectrum disease resistance in plants: silicon leads the way. Journal of Experimental Botany. 64(5): 1281-1293.

Zellner W, Frantz J, Leisner S. 2011. Silicon delays Tobacco ringspot virus systemic symptoms in Nicotiana tabacum. Journal Plant Physiol. 168(15): 1866-1869. 002


View JIPI Stats


   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email:;